Taxon: Mentha canadensis L.

Genus: Mentha
Section: Mentha
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Mentheae
Subtribe: Menthinae
Nomen number: 313998
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:577. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: [an ancient hybrid, M. arvensis × M. longifolia]
Name Verified on: 12-Oct-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 42 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Japanese corn mint (wild types)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of corn mint (based on potential crossability with its parental species Mentha arvensis fide Gen Mentha 1:24. 2012)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of spearmint (based on hybrids with Mentha spicata fide Genetics 45:928. 1960)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Adv Lab Sci 400. 1992, as M. arvensis f. piperascens; F ChinaEng)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Kurile Islands, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Amur, Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea ; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Thailand ; Vietnam
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Europe
  • Northern America

    • Mexico ; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba
    • Southern South America: Argentina


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bunsawat, J. et al. 2004. Phylogenetics of Mentha (Lamiaceae): evidence from chloroplast DNA sequences Syst. Bot. 29:959-964.
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. (Atlas Tenn)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Lawrence, B. M. 1992. Chemical components of Labiatae oils and their explotation (Adv Lab Sci) 400.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois. (F IllMohl)
  • Murray, M. J. 1960. The genetic basis for the conversion of menthone to menthol in Japanese mint (Genetics) 45:925-929.
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Rhoads, A. F. & W. M. Klein, Jr. The vascular flora of Pennsylvannia. Annotated checklist and atlas. (L Penn)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Stone, W. The plants of southern New Jersey. 1973 (F SNJersey)
  • Tucker, A. O. 2012. Genetics and breeding of the genus Mentha: a model for other polyploid species with secondary constituents J. Medicin. Active Pl. 1:19-29.
  • Tucker, A. O. & H. L. Chambers 2002. Mentha canadensis L. (Lamiaceae): a relict amphidiploid from the Lower Tertiary (Taxon) 51:703-718.
  • Tucker, A. O. & R. F. C. Naczi 2007. Mentha: an overview of its classification and relationships (Gen Mentha) 18-19.
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Zheljazkov, V. D. et al. 2013. Mentha canadensis L., a subtropical plant, can withstand first few fall frosts when grown in northern climate Industr. Crops Prod. 49:521-525.


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