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Taxon: Citrus ×clementina hort. ex Tanaka

Synonym of Citrus ×aurantium L.

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 314344
Place of publication: Citrologia 55. 1961
Link to protologue:
  • • [or Citrus reticulata 'Clementine']
  • • a hybrid involving Citrus maxima × C. reticulata
  • • should be treated as a subspecies or variety of Citrus ×aurantium, but the required combinations (C. ×aurantium subsp. keonla or var. reshni) have not been made
  • • valid publication of this name requires confirmation
Name Verified on: 24-Jan-2020 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (as Citrus reticulata ‘Clementine’)


  1. Arbona, V. et al. 2005. Carbohydrate depletion in roots and leaves of salt-stressed potted Citrus clementina L.. Plant Growth Regul. 46:153-160. Note: this study examined the physiological effects of Citrus clementina cv. Nules grafted for salinity control on Carrizo graft stock
  2. Bretó, M. P. et al. 2001. The diversification of Citrus clementina Hort. ex Tan., a vegetatively propagated crop species. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 21:285-293.
  3. Carbonell-Caballero, J. et al. 2015. A phylogenetic analysis of 34 chloroplast genomes elucidates the relationships between wild and domestic species within the genus Citrus. Molec. Biol. Evol. 32:2015-2035.
  4. Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece. 1969. Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). Note: this compilation besides Citrologia 55. 1961 cited Tanaka's Revisio Aurantiacearum 9:133, as "listed in his Appendix I"
  5. Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain. 1997. Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. Note: re. French common names
  6. Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-822.
  7. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61. Note: this study examined the origin of cultivated citrus; it included a sample of Citrus clementina; this species clustered in the 'Mandarin mitotype' together with most species recognized as mandarin (C. deliciosa, C. erythrosa, C. kinokuni, C. nobilis, C. reticulata, C. tangerina, and C. temple)
  8. Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  9. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: = Citrus reticulata 'Clementine'
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: = Citrus reticulata 'Clementine'
  11. Luro, F. L. et al. 2008. Transferability of the EST-SSRs developed on Nules clementine (Citrus clementina Hort ex Tan) to other Citrus species and their effectiveness for genetic mapping. B. M. C. Genomics 9:287.
  12. Nakano, M. et al. 2012. Characterization of genomic sequence showing strong association with polyembryony among diverse Citrus species and cultivars, and its synteny with Vitis and Populus. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 183:131-142.
  13. Ollitrault, P. et al. 2012. A reference genetic map of C. clementina hort. ex Tan.; citrus evolution inferences from comparative mapping. B. M. C. Genomics 13:593, 1-20.
  14. Ollitrault, P. et al. 2012. SNP mining in C. clementina BAC end sequences; transferability in the Citrus genus (Rutaceae), phylogenetic inferences and perspectives for genetic mapping. B. M. C. Genomics 13:13, 1-19.
  15. Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences. PLoS One 8(4): e62574. Note: this study included two samples of Citrus depressa; all accessions grouped in the main "mandarin cluster"
  16. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  19. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. Revisio Aurantiacearum. 9:133. Note: as nomen nudum
  20. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: treats as Citrus reticulata 'Clementine'
  21. Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication. Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662. Note: as Citrus ×clementina; this study used haploid material from a single ovule to assemble reference genome

Check other web resources for Citrus ×clementina hort. ex Tanaka :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=314344. Accessed 5 July 2020.