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Taxon: Opuntia polyacantha Haw.

Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Opuntioideae
Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 314437
Place of publication: Suppl. pl. succ. 82. 1819
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Aug-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 6 (6 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • cliff prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • grizzly-bear prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • hairy prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • hedgehog prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • juniper prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Nichol's prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • plains prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • porcupine prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • red-spine prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • starvation prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • frilandsopuntia  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.), British Columbia (s.), Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas (w. & n.e.), Nebraska (w.), North Dakota, South Dakota, Oklahoma (Cimarron Co.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua (n.)]


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Anderson, E. F. The cactus family. 2001 (Cact Fam) 512.
  3. Benson, L. 1969. The Cacti of Arizona, ed. 3 71.
  4. Benson, L. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 1982 (Cact US Can) 382-393.
  5. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  8. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)

Check other web resources for Opuntia polyacantha Haw. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=314437. Accessed 19 April 2019.