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Taxon: Amaranthus powellii S. Watson

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 315339
Place of publication: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10:347. 1875
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 04-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • green amaranth  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Powell's amaranth  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Powell's smooth amaranth  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • green pigweed  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • amarante de Powell  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • grünähriger Fuchsschwanz  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Baja California (Norte)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guerrero, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Salta, San Juan] Chile


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]


References:

  1. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  2. Chan, K. F. & M. Sun. 1997. Genetic diversity and relationships detected by isozyme and RAPD analysis of crop and wild species of Amaranthus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 95:865-873.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  4. Connor, H. E. 1992. The poisonous plants of New Zealand.
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  6. Costea, M. et al. 2001. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). Sida 19:960-966.
  7. Costea, M. et al. 2004. The biology of Canadian weeds. 130. Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. powellii S. Watson and A. hybridus L.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:631-668.
  8. Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria. Australian plant census (APC) (on-line resource).
  9. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 90.
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2 Note: mentions
  13. Greizerstein, E. J. et al. 1997. Karyological studies in five wild species of amaranths. Cytologia 62:115-120. Note: as 2n=34, with karyotype formula of 5m + 2sm + 2st + 1t
  14. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  15. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  16. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  17. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  18. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  19. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  20. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Sauer, J. D. 1950. The grain amaranths: a survey of their history and classification. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 37:611.
  23. Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54:108.
  24. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. Note: = Amaranthus retroflexus var. powellii (S. Watson) B. Boivin
  25. Valdés, B. et al., eds. 2002. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification
  26. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/amaranthaceae/amaranthus-powelli/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  27. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  28. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  29. Delivering alien invasive species inventories for Europe (DAISIE) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Amaranthus powellii S. Watson :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=315339. Accessed 18 September 2019.