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Taxon: Secale cereale L.

 
Genus: Secale
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 317600
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Sep-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Sep-1994
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 400 (48 active, 42 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • rye  (Source: AH 505) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey (w.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part (s.)]


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Chikmawati, T. et al. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among Secale species revealed by amplified fragment length polymorphisms (Genome) 48:792-801.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Devos, K. M. et al. 1993. Chromosomal rearrangements in the rye genome relative to that of wheat Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:673-680.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Hammer, K. et al. 1987. Vorarbeiten zur monographischen Darstellung von Wildpflanzensortimenten: Secale L. (Kulturpflanze) 35:147.
  14. Hammer, K. et al. 2011. Taxonomic remarks on Triticum L. and × Triticosecale Wittm. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:3-10.
  15. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  16. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  17. Kobyljanskij, V. D. 1983. Phylogeny of the genus Secale Trudy Prikl. Bot. 79:34.
  18. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae Feddes Repert. 95:504.
  21. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:129
  24. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  27. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  28. Ren, T. H. et al. 2011. Evolutionary trends of microsatellites during the speciation process and phylogenetic relationships within the genus Secale (Genome) 54:316-326.
  29. Schlegel, R. H. J. Rye: Genetics, breeding, and cultivation. CRC Press. 2003 (Rye Genet Breed Cult)
  30. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga) 1:241.
  31. Stutz, H. C. 1972. On the origin of cultivated rye Amer. J. Bot. 59:59-70.
  32. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  34. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)

Check other web resources for Secale cereale L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=317600. Accessed 20 November 2018.