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Taxon: Ribes rubrum L.

Genus: Ribes
Subgenus: Ribes
Section: Ribes
Family: Grossulariaceae
Nomen number: 31860
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:200. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Ribes rubrum auct. nonn. (= R. spicatum E. Robson)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 27-Nov-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 201 (24 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • common currant  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • garden currant  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • red currant  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • red garden currant  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • white currant  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • ribs  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Danish
  • European red currant   (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • groseillier à grappes  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • groseillier commun  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • groseillier rouge  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • gadellier rouge  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Ribisel  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • rote Johannisbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • weiße Johannisbeere  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • ribes rosso  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • ribisi  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • aka-suguri  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • fusa-suguri  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • grosellero común  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • grosellero rojo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • röda vinbär  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • hong cha biao zi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • smorodina krasnaâ  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit (as Ribes sativum)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom (possibly native in s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Germany, Netherlands
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (possibly native in n.)

    Cultivated (widely cult. in temperate regions)


    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Iceland, Ireland, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Italy, Romania, Slovenia


  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Ribes_rubrum_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Berger, A. 1924. A taxonomic review of currants and gooseberries. New York Agric. Exp. St. Techn. Bull. 109:14. Note: accepts for Ribes spicatum Robson
  4. Brennan, R. M. 2008. Chapter 6. Currants and gooseberries. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 177-196.
  5. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 130.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications. Note: = Ribes spicatum Robson
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ribes+rubrum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  15. Heywood, V. H. & D. Zohary. 1995. A catalogue of the wild relatives of cultivated plants native to Europe. Fl. Medit. 5:392.
  16. Hummer, K. E. & D. L. Barney. 2002. Currants. HortTechnol. 12:377-387. Note: this review mentioned that selection of this species occurred in NW Europe
  17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: in part = Ribes silvestre (Lam.) Mertens & Koch & R. spicatum Robson
  18. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  19. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  20. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  21. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976) Note: in part = Ribes silvestre (Lam.) Mert. & W. D. J. Koch & R. spicatum Robson
  22. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  23. Lanham, P. G. & R. M. Brennan. 1998. Characterization of the genetic resources of redcurrant (Ribes rubrum: subg. Ribesia) using anchored microsatellite markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:917-921.
  24. Lanham, P. G. & R. M. Brennan. 2001. Genetic diversity in Ribes. Acta Hort. 546:135-137.
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: accepts for Ribes spicatum Robson
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  27. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). Note: = Ribes sativum (Rchb.) Syme
  28. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  29. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  30. Pikunova, A. V. et al. 2012. Application of the RAPD-analysis for the study of genetic polymorphisms and phylogenetic relationships in the Ribes L. genus. Russian J. Genet. 2:141-151. Note: this study based on genetic similarities proposed the recognition of Ribes sativum apart from R. rubrum
  31. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  32. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  33. Senters, A. E. & D. E. Soltis. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in Ribes (Grossulariaceae) inferred from ITS sequence data. Taxon 52:51-66.
  34. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  35. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  37. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  39. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Ribes rubrum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=31860. Accessed 4 August 2020.