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Taxon: Rubus chamaemorus L.

 
Genus: Rubus
Subgenus: Chamaemorus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Rubeae
Nomen number: 32286
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:494. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 14-Feb-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 29 (29 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • bake-apple  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • baked-apple-berry  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • cloudberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • salmonberry  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • yellow-berry  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • bake-apple   - English (Canada)
  • chicouté   - French (Canada)
  • Moltebeere  (Source: Zander ed16) - German
  • hjortron  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • xing an xuan gou zi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (vinegar)
  • Human food: fruit; fruit

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kurile Islands, Primorye, Kamchatka, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaidô, Honshu]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part [European part (incl. arctic region)]

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] Greenland, United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York (n.), Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Minnesota (n.)]


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Rubus_chamaemorus/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 133.
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  8. Finn, C. et al. 2002. Use of 58 Rubus species in five North American breeding programmes - Breeders news. Acta Hort. 585:113. Note: mentions
  9. Finn, C. F. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 12. Raspberries. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 359-392.
  10. Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  12. Graham, J. & M. Woodhead. 2011. Chapter 9. Rubus. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits 179-196.
  13. Hall, H. K. et al. 2009. Chapter 2. Raspberry breeding and genetics. Pl. Breed. Rev. 39-353.
  14. Hultén, O. E. G. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories.
  15. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  16. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Korpelainen, H. et al. 1999. Clonal structure of Rubus chamaemorus populations: comparison of different molecular methods. Pl. Ecol. 143:123-128.
  19. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  22. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  25. Rønning, O. I. 1996. The flora of Svalbard.
  26. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  28. Weber, H. E. 1972. Die Gattung Rubus L. (Rosaceae) im nordwestlichen Europa. Phanerog. Monogr. 7:100.
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Rubus chamaemorus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32286. Accessed 12 December 2019.