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Taxon: Rubus occidentalis L.

 
Genus: Rubus
Subgenus: Idaeobatus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Rubeae
Nomen number: 32401
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:493. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 232 (232 active, 193 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • black raspberry  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • blackcap  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • thimbleberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • black raspberry   - English (Canada)
  • framboisier de Virginie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • framboisier noir   - French (Canada)
  • schwarze Himbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • frambueso negro  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • svarthallon  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases; crop pests
  • Human food: fruit; fruit

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e. & c.), North Dakota (s.e.), Oklahoma, South Dakota (e. & s.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia (n.), Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Alice, L. A. & C. S. Campbell. 1999. Phylogeny of Rubus (Rosaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 86:81-97.
  3. Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown. 1972. Woody plants of Maryland
  4. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist
  5. Chester, E. W. et al. 1993-1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  6. Clark, J. R. & C. E. Finn. 2011. Blackberry breeding and genetics. Fruit Veg. Cereal Sci. Biotechnol. 27-43. Note: this review discussed efforts mostly for Rubus occdientalis
  7. Converse, R. H., ed. 1987. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631
  8. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 135.
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  10. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  11. Finn, C. et al. 2001. Breeders experiences with Rubus species. Breeders experiences with Rubus species Note: web based resource; this report cited Rubus occidentalis as a diploid; and its succesful crossing with red and black raspbberry, but unsuccessful with blackberry, Rubus ursinus
  12. Finn, C. et al. 2002. Use of 58 Rubus species in five North American breeding programmes - Breeders news. Acta Hort. 585:113. Note: mentions among those species successfully crossed with red raspberry
  13. Finn, C. F. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 12. Raspberries. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 359-392.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Rubus+occidentalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  16. Graham, J. & M. Woodhead. 2009. Chapter 24. Raspberries and blackberries: the genomics of Rubus. Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae 507-524.
  17. Graham, J. & M. Woodhead. 2011. Chapter 9. Rubus. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits 179-196.
  18. Graham, J. et al. 2007. Chapter 9. Raspberry. Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 4:207-216.
  19. Hall, H. K. et al. 2009. Chapter 2. Raspberry breeding and genetics. Pl. Breed. Rev. 32:39-353.
  20. Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  21. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  22. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  24. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  27. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  28. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas
  29. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  31. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  32. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  33. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  34. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  35. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. Note: cultivated
  36. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  37. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  38. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  39. Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  40. Widrlechner, M. P. 1998. The genus Rubus L. in Iowa. Castanea 63:423.
  41. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Rubus&SpeciesID=occidentalis target='_blank'
  42. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Rubus occidentalis L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32401. Accessed 23 August 2019.