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Taxon: Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.

 
Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Saccharinae
Nomen number: 32602
Place of publication: Observ. bot. 4:14. 1786-1787 ("1786")
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 27 (14 active, 7 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng (s.), Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa)] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, [Assam, Bihar, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh] Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Malaysia


References:

  1. Amalraj, V. A. & N. Balasundaram. 2006. On the taxonomy of the members of "Saccharum complex". Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:35-41.
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. Cai, Q. et al. 2005. A preliminary assessment of the genetic relationship between Erianthus rockii and the "Saccharum complex" using microsatellite (SSR) and AFLP markers. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 169:976-984.
  4. Cai, Q. et al. 2005. Verification of the introgression of Erianthus arundinaceus germplasm into sugarcane using molecular markers. Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:322-328.
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  6. Evans, D. L. et al. 2019. Whole chloroplast genome and gene locus phylogenies reveal the taxonomic placement and relationship of Tripidium (Panicoideae: Andropogoneae) to sugarcane. B. M. C. Evol. Biol. 19:33. Pages 1-20.
  7. Grassl, C. O. 1972. Taxonomy of Saccharum relatives: Sclerostachya, Narenga, and Erianthus. Proc. Int. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. 14:240-248. Note: based on floral structures & growth type, Grassl proposed the recognition of this Old World taxon in the genus Ripidium Trin., unaware of its nomenclatural unavailable status
  8. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  9. Guangdong Inst. Bot., ed. 1964-1977. Flora Hainanica.
  10. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  11. Hodkinson, T. R. et al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers. J. Pl. Res. 115:381-392.
  12. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977-1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  13. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  14. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan. Note: = Erianthus arundinaceus (Retz.) Jeswiet
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Nair, N. V. et al. 1999. Analysis of genetic diversity and phylogeny in Saccharum and related genera using RAPD markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol.
  17. Piperidis, N. et al. 2010. GISH characterization of Erianthus arundinaceus chromosomes in three generations of sugarcane intergeneric hybrids. Genome 53:331-336. Note: for this species chromosome numbers are 2n=30, 40, 60, this study crossed plants with 2n=30
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Ramdoyal, K. & G. H. Badaloo. 2002. Prebreeding in sugarcane with an emphasis on the programme of the Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute. In: J. M. M. Engles et al. (eds.), Managing plant genetic diversity. 310.
  20. Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India
  21. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  22. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  23. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:551. Note: introduced

Check other web resources for Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32602. Accessed 24 July 2019.