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Taxon: Saccharum officinarum L.

 
Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Saccharinae
Nomen number: 32617
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:54. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or Saccharum Noble Group]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 445 (426 active, 38 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: sugar
  • Materials: fiber ("bagasse" residue for paper & cardboard) wax
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Batra, L. R. 1995. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature
  3. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  4. Cordeiro, G. M. et al. 2003. Sugarcane microsatellites for the assessment of genetic diversity in sugarcane germplasm. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 165:181-189.
  5. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 9:143-148.
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Saccharum+officinarum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Fouché, J.-G. 1999. pers. comm. Note: re. French common names
  9. Grassl, C. O. 1968. Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists. 872.
  10. Grassl, C. O. 1977. The origin of the sugar producing cultivars of Saccharum. Sugarcane Breed. Newslett. 39:10. Note: as Saccharum Noble Group
  11. Grassl, C. O. 1977. The origin of the sugar producing cultivars of Saccharum. Sugarcane Breed. Newslett. 39:12.
  12. Grivet, L. & P. Arruda. 2001. Sugarcane genomics: depicting the complex genome of an important tropical crop. Curr. Opin. Pl. Biol. 5:122-127.
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Irvine, J. E. 1999. Saccharum species as horticultural classes. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:186-194.
  15. León, B. 1995. pers. comm. Note: re. Spanish common names
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:127.
  19. Nair, N. V. et al. 1999. Analysis of genetic diversity and phylogeny in Saccharum and related genera using RAPD markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 46:73-79. Note: this study analyzed genetic diversity of 9 clones of this taxon & 8 other taxa by applying RAPD technique and cluster statistical analysis showing that Saccharum officinarum has low diversity & clustered closer to S. robustum
  20. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids. Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159. Note: this study commented on reports of crosses attributed to this taxon with several other species presently in Saccharum, & other crosses not verified by the author with taxa recognized in Miscanthus & Sclerostachya, Sorghum & Zea
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  25. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:243.
  26. Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae). Baileya 23:118.
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: cultivated
  28. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:554.

Check other web resources for Saccharum officinarum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32617. Accessed 19 July 2019.