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Taxon: Saccharum spontaneum L.

 
Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Saccharinae
Nomen number: 32625
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:183. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 374 (366 active, 103 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: potential for erosion control; revegetator
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon (n.)
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Israel, Lebanon
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, [Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka, Arunachal Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy [Sicilia]


    Naturalized



    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

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  2. Babu, C. R. 1977. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun.
  3. Berding, N. & B. T. Roach. 1987. Chapter 4. Germplasm collection, maintenance, and use. In: Heinz, D. (ed.). Sugarcane improvement through breeding. Developm. Crop Sci. 11:143-210. Note: Elsevier.
  4. Bhandari, M. M. 1978. Flora of the Indian desert.
  5. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  6. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  7. Daniels, J. et al. 1991. The taxonomic status of Saccharum barberi Jeswiet and S. sinense Roxb.. Sugar Cane 1991:11-16.
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Saccharum+spontaneum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Frohlich, D. & A. Lau. 2014. New plant records for the Hawaiian Islands 2012–2013. Bishop Mus. Occas. Pap. 115:12.
  14. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  15. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  16. Grivet, L. et al. 2004. A review of recent molecular genetics evidence for sugarcane evolution and domestication. Ethnobot. Res. Applic. 2:9-17.
  17. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  18. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  19. Hodkinson, T. R. et al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers. J. Pl. Res. 115:381-392.
  20. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  21. Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York. 697.
  22. How, F. C., ed. 1956. Flora of Kwangchow.
  23. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  24. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  25. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  28. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  29. Mukherjee, S. K. 1954. Revision of the genus Saccharum Linn.. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 8:145.
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  31. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
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  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  34. Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids. Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159.
  35. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  36. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  37. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  38. Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India
  39. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:195.
  40. Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  41. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  42. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
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  44. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  45. Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae). Baileya 23:112.
  46. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
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  48. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  49. Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun

Check other web resources for Saccharum spontaneum L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32625. Accessed 13 August 2020.