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Taxon: Saccharum spontaneum L.

 
Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Saccharinae
Nomen number: 32625
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:183. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Jul-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 374 (367 active, 101 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: potential for erosion control; revegetator
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon (n.)
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Israel, Lebanon
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, [Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka, Arunachal Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy [Sicily]


    Naturalized



    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  2. Babu, C. R. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun. (HF Dehra Dun)
  3. Berding, N. & B. T. Roach 1987. Chapter 4. Germplasm collection, maintenance, and use. In: Heinz, D. (ed.). Sugarcane improvement through breeding Developm. Crop Sci. 11:143-210.
  4. Bhandari, M. M. Flora of the Indian desert. (F IndDes)
  5. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  6. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  7. Daniels, J. et al. 1991. The taxonomic status of Saccharum barberi Jeswiet and S. sinense Roxb. (Sugar Cane) 1991:11-16.
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Frohlich, D. & A. Lau 2014. New plant records for the Hawaiian Islands 2012–2013 Bishop Mus. Occas. Pap. 115:12.
  14. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  15. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  16. Grivet, L. et al. 2004. A review of recent molecular genetics evidence for sugarcane evolution and domestication Ethnobot. Res. Applic. 2:9-17.
  17. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  18. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  19. Hodkinson, T. R. et al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers J. Pl. Res. 115:381-392.
  20. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  21. Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds) 697.
  22. How, F. C., ed. Flora of Kwangchow. (F Guangd)
  23. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  24. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  25. Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  27. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  28. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  29. Mukherjee, S. K. 1954. Revision of the genus Saccharum Linn. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 8:145.
  30. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  31. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  32. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  34. Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159.
  35. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  36. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  37. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  38. Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  39. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:195.
  40. Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  41. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  42. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  44. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  45. Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae) (Baileya) 23:112.
  46. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  47. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  48. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)
  49. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)

Check other web resources for Saccharum spontaneum L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32625. Accessed 17 October 2018.