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Taxon: Salix ×fragilis L.

 
Genus: Salix
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 32711
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1017. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • [= Salix alba × S. euxina]
  • • a proposal for conservation (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9) on a mainly s.e. European species has failed, but the name has now been typified on a widespread European hybrid
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental: erosion control; ornamental (as Salix ×rubens)
  • Fuels:
  • Materials: wood (fide Proc RS Edinburgh 98:169-182. 1992) wood; wood
  • Medicines: source of salicin
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    Other (exact native range in Europe obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Argus, G. W. 1986. The genus Salix (Salicaceae) in the southeastern United States. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9:78.
  3. Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11. Taxon 60:1212. Note: conservation proposal not recommended
  4. Belyaeva, I. 2009. Nomenclature of Salix fragilis L. and a new species, S. euxina (Salicaceae). Taxon 58:1344-1348. Note: lectotypifies on the European hybrid
  5. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  6. Brummitt, R. K. 2009. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 60. Taxon 58:280. Note: conservation proposal, to typify on the s.e. European species, not recommended
  7. Christensen, K. I. & B. Jonsell. 2005. (1698) Proposal to conserve the name Salix fragilis with a conserved type (Salicaceae). Taxon 54:555-556. Note: proposes typification on a mainly s.e. European species
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  12. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  15. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  17. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  21. Pohjonen, V. 1991. Selection of species and clones for biomass willow forestry in Finland. Acta Forest. Fenn. 221:18.
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Stott, K. G. 1992. Willows in the service of man.. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 98B:171.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  26. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  27. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Salix ×fragilis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Salix x fragilis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32711. Accessed 19 September 2019.