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Taxon: Sambucus nigra L.

 
Genus: Sambucus
Family: Viburnaceae
Nomen number: 32994
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:269. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Dec-1996
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 21 (3 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • elder  (Source: F Iraq) - English

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands (La Gomera, Gran Canaria, La Palma, Tenerife)]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (w.), Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario (s.), Prince Edward Island, Quebec (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.), British Columbia (s.), Manitoba (s.e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine (e.), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e.), North Dakota (e.), Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/sanic4.htm), South Dakota (e.), Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana (w.), Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (s.), Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia (s.), Kentucky, Louisiana (s.), Maryland, Mississippi (s.), North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Caprifoliaceae&GenusID=Sambucus&SpeciesID=canadensis%20var.%20canadensis), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Sonora]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.w.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized



    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores, Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. Black, J. M. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2. (F SAustBlack)
  5. Bolli, R. 1994. Revision of the genus Sambucus Diss. Bot. 223:161.
  6. Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (F AustCapT)
  7. Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. (F Himachal)
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  12. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  17. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  21. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  22. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  23. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. Flora of Madeira. (F Madeira)
  24. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  25. Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  26. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  27. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  28. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  29. Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  30. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  32. Valdés, B. et al., eds. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. 2002 (L NMaroc)
  33. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  34. Welsh, S. L. & G. Moore Utah Plants. 1973 (Utah Pl)
  35. Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)

Check other web resources for Sambucus nigra L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Sambucus nigra cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=32994. Accessed 17 December 2018.