Taxon: Sapindus saponaria L.

 
Genus: Sapindus
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Nomen number: 33090
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:367. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358386
Typification:
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Apr-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • soapberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • soaptree  (Source: F PuertoR) - English
  • southern soapberry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • wing-leaf soapberry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • bois de panama  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • savonnier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Seifenbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • saboeira  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fruta-de-sabão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jequiriguaçú  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pau-de-sabão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • sabão-de-macaco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • sabão-de-soldado  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • sabonete  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • saboneteira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jaboncillo  (Source: Dict Gard) - Spanish
  • såpbärsträd  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_28.html,)
  • Materials: chemicals (saponins used as emulsifier & cleanser fide Hortus 3)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann, as Sapindus drummondii)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia, South Carolina]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  4. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  5. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  6. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. (F Ariz)
  7. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  8. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  9. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  10. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  11. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  12. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  13. Pittier, H. F. et al. Catálogo de la flora venezolana. (L Venez)
  14. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  15. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  16. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  17. Spichiger, R., ed. Flora del Paraguay. (F Parag)
  18. Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. (TreesS Mex)
  19. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  20. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  21. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:884.
  22. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  23. Wunderlin, R. P. et al. 2017. Flora of Florida (F Florida2) 4:95.

Check other web resources for Sapindus saponaria L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=33090. Accessed 23 April 2018.