Taxon: Silene gallica L.

 
Genus: Silene
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Subfamily: Caryophylloideae
Tribe: Sileneae
Nomen number: 33933
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:417. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) against the heterotypic synonyms (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) Silene anglica L., nom. rej., Silene lusitanica L., nom. rej., & Silene quinquevulnera L., nom. rej.
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary (w.)
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • MALESIA: East Timor

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  2. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  5. Angely, J. A. Flora analitica do Parana. (L Parana)
  6. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  7. Black, J. M. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2. (F SAustBlack)
  8. Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13. (L Cape)
  9. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  10. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  11. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  12. Brummitt, R. K. 1997. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 45 (Taxon) 46:324.
  13. Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (F AustCapT)
  14. Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires. (Man BuenAir)
  15. Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. (F BuenAir)
  16. Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. (F Himachal)
  17. Chowdhuri, P. K. 1957. Studies in the genus Silene Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22:248, 250.
  18. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  19. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  20. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  21. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  22. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  23. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  24. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  25. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  26. Greuter, W. 1995. (1147) Proposal to conserve the name Silene gallica L. (Caryophyllaceae) against several synonyms of equal priority (Taxon) 44:102-104.
  27. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  28. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  29. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  30. Hegi, G. et al. 1979. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 3. 2:1148.
  31. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  32. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  33. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  34. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  35. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  36. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  37. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  38. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  39. Jørgensen, P. M., ed. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia (Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia) (on-line resource). (L Bolivia Online)
  40. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. (F Ariz)
  41. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  42. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  43. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. (F Arabia)
  44. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  45. Munz, P. A. A flora of southern California. (F SCalif)
  46. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  47. Navas-Bustamante, L. E. Flora de la cuenca de Santiago de Chile. (F Santiago)
  48. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  49. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  50. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  51. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  52. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  53. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  54. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  55. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  56. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  57. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  58. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  59. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  60. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  61. Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  62. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  63. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  64. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  65. Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  66. Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)
  67. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Silene gallica L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=33933. Accessed 25 May 2018.