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Taxon: Silene gallica L.

 
Genus: Silene
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Subfamily: Caryophylloideae
Tribe: Sileneae
Nomen number: 33933
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:417. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) against the heterotypic synonyms (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) Silene anglica L., nom. rej., Silene lusitanica L., nom. rej., & Silene quinquevulnera L., nom. rej.
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary (w.)
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • MALESIA: East Timor

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

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  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
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  13. Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray. 1970. Flora of the Australian Capital Territory.
  14. Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini. 1978. Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires.
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  26. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  27. Greuter, W. 1995. (1147) Proposal to conserve the name Silene gallica L. (Caryophyllaceae) against several synonyms of equal priority. Taxon 44:102-104.
  28. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  29. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  30. Hegi, G. et al. 1979. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 3. 2:1148. Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
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  36. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  37. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
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Check other web resources for Silene gallica L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=33933. Accessed 22 July 2019.