Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Sonchus oleraceus L.

 
Genus: Sonchus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Hyoseridinae
Nomen number: 34939
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:794. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 8 (6 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canarias]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur, Magadan, Sakhalin]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Guinea, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Yemen
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories] Greenland, United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Tlaxcala, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán, Ciudad de México]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii, United States Minor Outlying Islands, United States Minor Outlying Islands]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, [Pohnpei] United States [Guam, United States Minor Outlying Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Kiribati, [Line Islands] Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Kiribati, [Gilbert Islands] New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna Islands

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, [Trinidad] United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British) [Tortola]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  5. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  6. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  7. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  8. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  9. Boulos, L. 1973. Révision systématique du genre Sonchus L. s.l.: 4. Sous-genre: 1. Sonchus. Bot. Not. 126:155-158.
  10. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  11. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  12. Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1991. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 6:87-106.
  13. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  14. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 279-280.
  15. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  16. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  17. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  18. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  19. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  20. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  21. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  22. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  23. Fosberg, F. R. & M.-H. Sachet. 1975-. Flora of Micronesia, Smithsonian Contr. Bot.
  24. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  25. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  26. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  27. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  28. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  29. Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia
  30. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  31. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  32. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela.
  33. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  34. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  35. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  36. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  37. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  38. Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967-. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  39. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  40. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  41. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  42. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  43. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  44. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  45. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  46. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  47. Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak. 2001. Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea Note: Academybook Publishing Co., Seoul.
  48. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  49. Press, J. R. et al. 2000-. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource)
  50. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  51. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  52. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991-. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  53. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  54. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  55. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  56. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  57. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  58. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  59. Turner, I. M. 1995. A catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya. Gardens' Bull. Singapore vol. 47.
  60. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  61. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  62. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/asteraceae/sonchus-oleraceus/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  63. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i
  64. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  65. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  66. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  67. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  68. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  69. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  70. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Sonchus oleraceus L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=34939. Accessed 14 July 2020.