Taxon: Sonchus oleraceus L.

 
Genus: Sonchus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Hyoseridinae
Nomen number: 34939
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:794. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Guinea, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Yemen
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory] Greenland, United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: U.S. Outlying Islands, [Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands] United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, [Pohnpei] U.S. Outlying Islands [Wake Island]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Kiribati, [Line Islands] Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Kiribati, [Gilbert Islands] New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna Islands

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, [Trinidad] Virgin Islands (British), [Tortola] Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


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Check other web resources for Sonchus oleraceus L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=34939. Accessed 21 June 2018.