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Taxon: Spartina ×townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves

Genus: Spartina
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Zoysieae
Subtribe: Sporobolinae
Nomen number: 35182
Place of publication: Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1880:37. 1881
Link to protologue:
Comment: [= S. alterniflora × S. maritima]
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Townsend's cordgrass  (Source: F GB Ire) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide F Eur; F GB Ire; Atlas Brit Isles)

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom [England (s.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (w.)


    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (s.e.)
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    • Europe (w.)


  1. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  2. Ayres, D. R. & D. R. Strong. 2001. Origin and genetic diversity of Spartina anglica (Poaceae) using nuclear DNA markers. Amer. J. Bot. 88:1863-1867.
  3. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  4. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  5. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. Note: mentions
  6. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  7. Preston, C. D. et al., eds. 2002. New atlas of the British and Irish flora.
  8. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  9. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.

Check other web resources for Spartina ×townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=35182. Accessed 23 July 2019.