Taxon: Spergula arvensis L.

 
Genus: Spergula
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Subfamily: Paronychioideae
Tribe: Polycarpeae
Nomen number: 35219
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:440. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 15-Jun-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • corn spurrey  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • starwort  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • stickwort  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • spargoute des champs  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • spourier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Acker-Spark  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Acker-Spergel  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • nohara-tsume-kusa  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • espérgula  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • esparcilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • åkerspergel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • da zhua cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • spergel  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • torica posevnaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide F USSR; F NAmer)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide F AlaskHul; F NAmer)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (n. & c.)] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  2. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  5. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  6. Black, J. M. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2. (F SAustBlack)
  7. Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13. (L Cape)
  8. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  9. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  10. Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (F AustCapT)
  11. Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  12. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  13. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  14. Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. (L Georgia)
  15. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  16. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  17. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  18. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  19. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  20. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. 2008 (Pl Angol)
  21. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  22. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  23. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  24. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  25. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  26. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  27. Guillarmod, A. J. Flora of Lesotho. (F Lesotho)
  28. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  29. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  30. Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. (F Colo)
  31. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  32. Hegi, G. et al. 1979. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 3, 2:776.
  33. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  34. Hultén, O. E. G. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories. (F AlaskaHult)
  35. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  36. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  37. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  38. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  39. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  40. Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). (F Afr Centr)
  41. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  42. Jørgensen, P. M., ed. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia (Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia) (on-line resource). (L Bolivia Online)
  43. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  44. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  45. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  46. Lems, K. Floristic botany of the Canary islands. (L Canary)
  47. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  48. Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  49. Munz, P. A. A flora of southern California. (F SCalif)
  50. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  51. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  52. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  53. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  54. Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  55. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  56. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  57. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  58. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  59. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  60. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  61. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  62. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  63. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  64. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  65. Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  66. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  67. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  68. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  69. Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  70. Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)
  71. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Spergula arvensis L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=35219. Accessed 25 May 2018.