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Taxon: Symphytum asperum Lepech.

 
Genus: Symphytum
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Boragineae
Subtribe: Boragininae
Nomen number: 36019
Place of publication: Nova Acta Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. Hist. Acad. 14:442. 1805
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 03-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • prickly comfrey  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • rough comfrey  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • prickly comfrey   - English (Canada)
  • consoude rude  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • consoude rugueuse  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • consoude âpre   - French (Canada)
  • Komfrey  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • rauer Beinwell  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • consuelda  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • consueldo del Cáucaso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • fodervallört  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • okopnik sherohovaty  (Source: Pulmonaria) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for pigs & rabbits, formerly much used in Europe)
  • Environmental: soil improver
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey (n.e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Symphytum_asperum/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 177.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 201-202.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  9. Gviniashvili, T. N. 1976. Kavkazskie predstaviteli roda Symphytum L. (Boraginaceae Juss.). 82.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  12. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  14. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  15. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  16. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  18. USDA/ARS. INVADERS database system. The University of Montana (on-line resource).
  19. Wickerham, L. J. 1969. A revision of Symphytum in Turkey and adjacent areas. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 29:162-163.

Check other web resources for Symphytum asperum Lepech. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36019. Accessed 18 November 2019.