Taxon: Antirrhinum majus L.

Genus: Antirrhinum
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Antirrhineae
Nomen number: 3665
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:617. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-Mar-2010
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 94 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Rev Antirrh 92. 1988)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology (fide Amer J Bot 91:918. 2004)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Israel ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Malta ; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized



  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Office of the Union UPOV: International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants. List of the taxa protected by the members of the Union. 2009 (UPOV)
  • Oyama, R. K. & D. A. Baum 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of North American Antirrhinum (Veronicaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 91:918-925.
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Schwarz-Sommer, Z. et al. 1990. Genetic-control of flower development by homeotic genes in Antirrhinum majus (Science) 250:931-936.
  • Sutton, D. A. A revision of the tribe Antirrhineae. 1988 (Rev Antirrh) 92.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Antirrhinum majus L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image