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Taxon: Tragopogon pratensis L.

 
Genus: Tragopogon
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Scorzonerinae
Nomen number: 36818
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:789. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358810
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 25-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • goat's-beard  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Johnny-go-to-bed-at-noon  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • meadow salsify  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • shepherd's-clock  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • yellow goat's-beard  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • meadow goat’s-beard   - English (Canada)
  • salsifis des prés  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • salsifis des prés   - French (Canada)
  • Wiesen-Bocksbart  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • ängshaverrot  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (common in several countries)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey (n.w. & e.)
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Blanca, G. & C. Diaz de la Guardia. 1996. Sinopsis del género Tragopogon L. (Asteraceae) en la Península Ibérica. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 54:360.
  5. Clements, D. R. et al. 1999. The biology of Canadian weeds. 110. Tragopogon dubius Scop., Tragopogon pratensis L., and Tragopogon porrifolius L.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 79:153-163.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 276-277.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Tragopogon+pratensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  13. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  14. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  15. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Parsa, A. 1943-1952. Flore de l'Iran.
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  22. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  23. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  24. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  26. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Tragopogon pratensis L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36818. Accessed 12 December 2019.