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Taxon: Tragopogon pratensis L.

 
Genus: Tragopogon
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Scorzonerinae
Nomen number: 36818
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:789. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358810
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 25-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Oct-2018
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (common in several countries)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey (n.w. & e.)
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  5. Blanca, G. & C. Diaz de la Guardia 1996. Sinopsis del género Tragopogon L. (Asteraceae) en la Península Ibérica Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 54:360.
  6. Clements, D. R. et al. 1999. The biology of Canadian weeds. 110. Tragopogon dubius Scop., Tragopogon pratensis L., and Tragopogon porrifolius L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 79:153-163.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  13. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  14. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  15. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Parsa, A. Flore de l'Iran. (F IranPars)
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  22. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  23. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  24. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Tragopogon pratensis L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36818. Accessed 18 December 2018.