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Taxon: Trapa natans L.

 
Genus: Trapa
Family: Lythraceae
Nomen number: 36824
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:120. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-May-2017 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-May-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Guinea-Bissau
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey (n.w.)
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  12. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  15. National Plant Board National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries. 2008- (NPB State Noxweed)
  16. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  18. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  19. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  20. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  21. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  22. Takano, A, & Y. Kadono 2005. Allozyme variations and classification of Trapa (Trapaceae) in Japan Aquatic Bot. 83:108-118.
  23. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  24. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  25. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Trapa natans L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36824. Accessed 15 November 2018.