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Taxon: Arctium lappa L.

 
Genus: Arctium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 3857
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:816. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 24-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 8 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore (as Arctium majus)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Jawa] Philippines

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (s.e.)

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 266.
  7. Duistermaat, H. 1996. Monograph of Arctium L. (Asteraceae). Generic delimitation (including Cousinia Cass. p.p.), revision of the species, pollen morphology, and hybrids. Gorteria suppl. 3:75.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Arctium+lappa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  16. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  17. Hegi, G. et al. 1987. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 6(4):827. Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  18. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  19. Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  21. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:78
  26. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  30. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  31. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  32. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  34. Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(2):78-82.
  35. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  37. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  38. Australia's Virtual Herbarium (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Arctium lappa L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3857. Accessed 15 September 2019.