Taxon: Arctium lappa L.

 
Genus: Arctium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 3857
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:816. 1753
Name Verified on: 24-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Feb-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Med Pl China, as Arctium majus)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Canada; Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Europe; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

References:

  • Australia's Virtual Herbarium (on-line resource). (Aust Virtual Herb)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Duistermaat, H. 1996. Monograph of Arctium L. (Asteraceae). Generic delimitation (including Cousinia Cass. p.p.), revision of the species, pollen morphology, and hybrids (Gorteria) suppl. 3:75.
  • Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1987. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 6(4):827.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:78
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. 1959 (F CalifMunz)
  • National Institute for the Control of Pharmaceutical & Biological Products Colour atlas of Chinese traditional drugs, Vol 1. 1987 (Atlas Chin Drugs)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rostliny, L. Katalog Léçivých Rostlin & Malý Herbář Léçivých Rostlin. 1984-1985 (Kat Lev Ros)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(2):78-82.
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Arctium lappa L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image