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Taxon: Arctium lappa L.

 
Genus: Arctium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 3857
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:816. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 24-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Feb-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 8 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore (as Arctium majus)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Java] Philippines

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (s.e.)

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Australia's Virtual Herbarium (on-line resource). (Aust Virtual Herb)
  2. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  7. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  8. Duistermaat, H. 1996. Monograph of Arctium L. (Asteraceae). Generic delimitation (including Cousinia Cass. p.p.), revision of the species, pollen morphology, and hybrids (Gorteria) suppl. 3:75.
  9. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  13. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  16. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  17. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  18. Hegi, G. et al. 1987. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 6(4):827.
  19. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  20. Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  22. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  26. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:78
  27. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  31. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  32. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  33. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  34. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  35. Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(2):78-82.
  36. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Arctium lappa L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3857. Accessed 13 November 2018.