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Taxon: Silene latifolia Poir.

 
Genus: Silene
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Subfamily: Caryophylloideae
Tribe: Sileneae
Nomen number: 400939
Place of publication: Voy. Barbarie 2:165. 1789
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Silene latifolia Rendle & Britten (1907)
Name Verified on: 27-May-2016 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • white campion  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • white cockle  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • white cockle  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • silène blanc  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • lychnide blanche  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • weiße Lichtnelke  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • alfinetes  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vitblära  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Taxon 30:27. 1981, as Silene latifolia subsp. alba)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq (n.), Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized



    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Liaoning Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland, United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  2. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 96-97,
  3. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  5. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  6. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  9. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  10. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2. Note: = Silene alba subsp. divaricata (Rchb.) Walters

Check other web resources for Silene latifolia Poir. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400939. Accessed 19 February 2020.