Taxon: Centaurea montana L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 401601
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:911. 1753
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Finland; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Italy; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Northern Europe: Sweden
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Ontario, - Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Minnesota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maine, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Pennsylvania
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Utah
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

    Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Netherlands; Poland

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Ochsmann, J. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America (Centaurea Pages)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)

Synonyms:

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