Taxon: Trifolium campestre Schreb.

Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Chronosemium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 40189
Place of publication: J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abth. 1(4, Heft 16):13-14. 1804
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Dec-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 117 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Common LegGP)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (mostly of unknown importance fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Djibouti ; Ethiopia ; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Egypt Sinai; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czechoslovakia ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  • Andrews, F. W. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. (F Sudan)
  • Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 88.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  • Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  • Stubbendieck, J. & E. C. Conard Common legumes of the Great Plains. 1989 (Common LegGP)
  • Thulin, M. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. 1983 (Leg Ethiop)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 336.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)


Check other web resources for Trifolium campestre Schreb. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image