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Taxon: Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.

Genus: Lamium
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Lamioideae
Tribe: Lamieae
Nomen number: 403966
Place of publication: Amoen. acad. 4:485. 1759 (H. J. N. von Crantz, Stirp. austr. fasc. ed. 2, 2:262. 1769)
Link to protologue:
Comment: the argument has been made that the designation "Lamium galeobdolon" L. (1759) was the result of a typographical error, as explained by Stearn (in Geck & Pressler, Festschr. Claus Nissen: 631. 1974), for what was apparently intended as Galeopsis galeobdolon L.; while this may be so we cannot know this for certain, and accept what was actually printed as what was intended (fide K. Gandhi & W. Greuter, pers. comm. via e-mails on 15-16 Jul 2014)
Name Verified on: 16-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental (as Lamiastrum galeobdolon) ornamental (as Lamiastrum galeobdolon)

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey (n.)
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia

    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland (s.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom [England (e.)]
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (n.), Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (n.)

    Cultivated (also cult.)


    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand. Note: = Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: lists as Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.; = Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen Note: lists as Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.
  5. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist. Note: lists as Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.
  6. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: lists as Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.
  7. Jarvis, C. 2007. Order out of chaos: Linnean plant names and their types 611. Note: discusses typographical error of Linnaeus (1759)
  8. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
  9. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.; = Lamiastrum galeobdolon (L.) Ehrend. & Polatschek
  10. Mennema, J. 1989. A taxonomic revision of Lamium (Lamiaceae). Leiden Bot. Ser. 11:36. Note: lists as Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.
  11. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  12. Stearn, W. T. 1973. Magnol's Botanicum Monspeliense and Linnaeus's Flora Monspeliensis. Festschrift für Claus Nissen : zum siebzigsten Geburtstag, 2. Sept. 1971. 631. Note: discusses typographical error of Linnaeus (1759)
  13. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: lists as Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.; = Lamiastrum galeobdolon (L.) Ehrend. & Polatschek
  14. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=403966. Accessed 14 July 2020.