Taxon: Ulmus pumila L.

Genus: Ulmus
Subgenus: Ulmus
Section: Ulmus
Family: Ulmaceae
Nomen number: 40851
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:226. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: page number verified from original publication
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for elms (to Dutch Elm Disease fide New Trees 881. 2009)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Amur, Primorye
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia

  • Naturalized

  • Northern America

    • Canada ; United States

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Grimshaw, J. & R. Bayton New trees: recent introductions to cultivation. 2009 (New Trees) 881.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). (F Chiangsu)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  • Todzia, C. A. & J. L. Panero 1998. A new species of Ulmus (Ulmaceae) from southern Mexico and a synopsis of the species in Mexico (Brittonia) 50:346.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. (F Utah)
  • Wiegrefe, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ulmus pumila L. :


  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image