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Taxon: Vitis vinifera L. subsp. sylvestris Hegi

Genus: Vitis
Subgenus: Vitis
Family: Vitaceae
Subfamily: Vitoideae
Nomen number: 409301
Place of publication: Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(1):364. 1925 "silvestris"
Link to protologue:
Comment: authorship and place of publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 24-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 84 (82 active, 44 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Israel, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan

    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica)


  1. Aradhya, M. et al. 2008. Genetic structure, differentiation, and phylogeny of the genus Vitis: implications for genetic conservation. Acta Hort. 799:43-49.
  2. Arroyo-García, R. et al. 2006. Multiple origins of cultivated grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. ssp. sativa) based on chloroplast DNA polymorphisms. Molec. Ecol. 15:3707-3714.
  3. Bailey, L. H. 1934. The species of grapes peculiar to North America. Gentes Herbarum 3:151-244. Note: = Vitis vinifera var. sylvestris
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: lists as Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris (C. C. Gmel.) A. Berger & Hegi; = V. sylvestris C. C. Gmel.
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage Note: lists as Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris (C. C. Gmel.) Hegi
  6. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: lists as Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris (C. C. Gmel.) Beger
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: lists as Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris (C. C. Gmel.) Hegi
  8. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris (C. C. Gmel.) G. Beck; = "V. silvestris" C. C. Gmel.
  9. Laoucou, V. et al. 2011. High throughput analysis of grape genetic diversity as a tool for germplasm collection management. Theor. Appl. Genet. 122:1233-1245. Note: it found to be "less diverse than the domesticated forms"
  10. Myles, S. et al. 2011. Genetic structure and domestication history of the grape. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108:3530-3535.
  11. Owens, C. L. 2008. Chapter 7. Grapes. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 197-233.
  12. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  13. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Vitis sylvestris C. C. Gmel.
  14. Tröndle, D. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Vitis (Vitaceae) based on plastid markers. Amer. J. Bot. 97:1168-1178.
  15. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: lists as Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris (C. C. Gmel.) Hegi
  16. Zhou, Y. et al. 2017. Evolutionary genomics of grape (Vitis vinifera ssp. vinifera) domestication. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1-6. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1709257114

Check other web resources for Vitis vinifera L. subsp. sylvestris Hegi :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=409301. Accessed 4 July 2020.