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Taxon: Urtica dioica L.

 
Genus: Urtica
Family: Urticaceae
Nomen number: 40944
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:984. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (5 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • common nettle  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • European nettle  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • giant nettle  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • nettle  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • stinging nettle  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • stinging nettle   (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • grande ortie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • ortie  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • ortie   (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • große Brennessel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • ortiga  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • urtiga  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • urtiga-maior  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtiga-mansa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtigão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtiga-vermelha  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • chichicaste  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • ortiga  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • brännässla  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • yi zhu qian ma  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • CHINA: China [Gansu Sheng (e.), Sichuan Sheng (n.w.), Qinghai Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (w.), Xizang Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories (s.w.), Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (n.e.), Delaware, Georgia (n.), Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi (w.), North Carolina (w.), Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sonora, Baja California (Norte)]


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 66-67.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Urtica+dioica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  13. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1979-1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol.
  14. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  16. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  18. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  20. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  23. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  24. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  28. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  29. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  30. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  31. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  32. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  33. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/urticaceae/urtica-dioica/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  34. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Urticaceae&GenusID=Urtica&SpeciesID=dioica target='_blank'
  35. Woodland, D. W. 1982. Biosystematics of the perennial North American taxa of Urtica. II. Taxonomy. Syst. Bot. 7:282-290. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Urtica dioica L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=40944. Accessed 24 October 2019.