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Taxon: Urtica dioica L.

 
Genus: Urtica
Family: Urticaceae
Nomen number: 40944
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:984. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Nov-2002
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 (3 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • CHINA: China [Gansu (e.), Sichuan (n.w.), Qinghai, Xinjiang (w.), Xizang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory (s.w.), Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (n.e.), Delaware, Georgia (n.), Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi (w.), North Carolina (w.), Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Urticaceae&GenusID=Urtica&SpeciesID=dioica), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Sonora]


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  12. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. (Aquat SE US)
  13. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  17. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  19. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  22. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  23. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  24. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  26. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  27. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  28. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  29. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  30. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  32. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  33. Woodland, D. W. 1982. Biosystematics of the perennial North American taxa of Urtica. II. Taxonomy Syst. Bot. 7:282-290.
  34. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Urtica dioica L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=40944. Accessed 14 November 2018.