Taxon: Verbena bonariensis L.

 
Genus: Verbena
    Section: Verbenaca
Family: Verbenaceae
Nomen number: 41154
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:20. 1753
Comment: non Verbena bonariensis auct. (= V. brasiliensis Vell.)
Name Verified on: 17-Aug-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Aug-2010
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Kew Bull 45:101, 109. 1990; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (naturalized in several countries fide F Jujuy; Atlas WWeed; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Minas Gerais, - Parana, - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina, - Sao Paulo
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - Mendoza, - Buenos Aires, - Catamarca, - Chaco, - Corrientes, - Entre Rios, - Formosa, - Jujuy, - La Pampa, - Misiones, - Rio Negro, - San Juan, - San Luis, - Santa Fe, - Tucuman; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia - Tarija

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • : Africa; United States
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Africa; United States
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Cabrera, A. L., dir. Flora de la provincia de Jujuy, República Argentina. 1977- (F Jujuy)
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. 1965-1970 (F BuenAir)
  • Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute African flowering plants database (on-line resource). (L Africa Online)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada Catálogo de la flora vascular de Chile. 1985 (L Chile)
  • Moldenke, H. N. 1980. A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the world as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy Phytologia Mem. 2:67.
  • Munir, A. A. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 18:30-39.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Nesom, G. L. 2010. Taxonomic notes on Verbena bonariensis (Verbenaceae) and related species in the USA (Phytoneuron) 2010-12:3-4.
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • O'Leary, N. et al. 2007. Revisión taxonómica de las especies del género Verbena (Verbenaceae): serie Pachystachyae Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94:580-584.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  • Yeo, P. F. 1990. A re-definition of Verbena brasiliensis Kew Bull. 45:105.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Verbena bonariensis L. :

Images:

  • Flower: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image