Taxon: Verbena bonariensis L.

 
Genus: Verbena
Section: Verbenaca
Family: Verbenaceae
Nomen number: 41154
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:20. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Verbena bonariensis auct. (= V. brasiliensis Vell.)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 17-Aug-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Aug-2010
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Kew Bull 45:101, 109. 1990; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (naturalized in several countries fide F Jujuy; Atlas WWeed; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia [Tarija]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Cordoba, Mendoza, Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Misiones, Rio Negro, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Fe, Tucuman] Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  3. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  6. Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  7. Cabrera, A. L., dir. Flora de la provincia de Jujuy, República Argentina. (F Jujuy)
  8. Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. (F BuenAir)
  9. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute African flowering plants database (on-line resource). (L Africa Online)
  10. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  11. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  12. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  13. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  14. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  15. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  16. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  21. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  22. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada Catálogo de la flora vascular de Chile. (L Chile)
  23. Moldenke, H. N. 1980. A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the world as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy Phytologia Mem. 2:67.
  24. Munir, A. A. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 18:30-39.
  25. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  26. Nesom, G. L. 2010. Taxonomic notes on Verbena bonariensis (Verbenaceae) and related species in the USA (Phytoneuron) 2010-12:3-4.
  27. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  28. O'Leary, N. et al. 2007. Revisión taxonómica de las especies del género Verbena (Verbenaceae): serie Pachystachyae Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94:580-584.
  29. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  31. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  32. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  33. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  34. Yeo, P. F. 1990. A re-definition of Verbena brasiliensis Kew Bull. 45:105.
  35. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Verbena bonariensis L. :

Images:

  • Flower: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41154. Accessed 24 April 2018.