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Taxon: Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.

 
Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Opuntioideae
Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 413803
Place of publication: Med. fl. 2:247. 1830
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Jun-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Aug-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 7 (7 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (Pt. Pelee & Pelee Island)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa (e.), Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma (e.), South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Montana]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Cactaceae&GenusID=Opuntia&SpeciesID=humifusa), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Anderson, E. F. The cactus family. 2001 (Cact Fam) 501.
  3. Benson, L. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 1982 (Cact US Can)
  4. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  8. Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. (F NSWales)
  9. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  10. Hosking, J. R. et al. 1988. Distribution and biological control of cactus species in eastern Australia Pl. Protect. Quart. 3:118.
  11. Hunt, D. CITES Cactaceae checklist. 1992 (CITES Cact L)
  12. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  14. Leuenberger, B. E. 1993. Interpretation and typification of Cactus opuntia L., Opuntia vulgaris Mill., and O. humifusa (Rafin.) Rafin. (Cactaceae) (Taxon) 42:426.
  15. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  16. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)

Check other web resources for Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=413803. Accessed 18 November 2018.