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Taxon: Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm.

Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Opuntioideae
Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 414086
Place of publication: A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6:208. 1850
Link to protologue:
Comment: has equal priority with O. lindheimeri Engelm., but first united in 1856 by Engelmann under name of O. engelmannii
Name Verified on: 16-Jul-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-May-2019
Species priority site is: National Arid Land Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PARL)
Accessions: 7 (7 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • cactus-apple  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • cowtongue cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • cowtongue prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • desert prickly-pear  (Source: Fla Entomol) - English
  • discus prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Engelmann's prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • few-spine marble-fruit prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • tuna  (Source: Cact Fam) - English

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Environmental: ornamental

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Louisiana (s.w.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California (s.), Nevada (s.), Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Querétaro]

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)


  1. Oklahoma vascular plant database (OK Vasc Pl Database)
  2. Anderson, E. F. The cactus family (Cact Fam) 497.
  3. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  4. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  5. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California (F CalifJep)
  6. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  7. Irish, M. 2001. The ornamental prickly pear industry in the southwestern United States Florida Entomol. 84:484.
  8. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  9. Parfitt, B. D. & D. J. Pinkava 1988. Nomenclatural and systematic reassessment of Opuntia engelmannii and O. lindheimeri (Cactaceae) Madroño 35:342-349.
  10. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)

Check other web resources for Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=414086. Accessed 24 May 2019.