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Taxon: Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm.

 
Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Opuntioideae
Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 414086
Place of publication: A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6:208. 1850
Link to protologue:
Comment: has equal priority with O. lindheimeri Engelm., but first united in 1856 by Engelmann under name of O. engelmannii
Name Verified on: 16-Jul-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Oct-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 7 (7 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • cactus-apple  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • cowtongue cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • cowtongue prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • desert prickly-pear  (Source: Fla Entomol) - English
  • discus prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Engelmann's prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • few-spine marble-fruit prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • tuna  (Source: Cact Fam) - English

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Environmental: ornamental

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/openl3.htm)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Louisiana (s.w.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California (s.), Nevada (s.), Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Queretaro]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Anderson, E. F. The cactus family. 2001 (Cact Fam) 497.
  2. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  3. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  4. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  5. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  6. Irish, M. 2001. The ornamental prickly pear industry in the southwestern United States Florida Entomol. 84:484.
  7. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  8. Parfitt, B. D. & D. J. Pinkava 1988. Nomenclatural and systematic reassessment of Opuntia engelmannii and O. lindheimeri (Cactaceae) Madroño 35:342-349.
  9. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)

Check other web resources for Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=414086. Accessed 13 December 2018.