Taxon: Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd.

 
Genus: Vicia
  Subgenus: Vicilla
    Section: Ervilia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Papilionoideae
      Tribe: Fabeae
Nomen number: 41481
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 3(2):1103. 1802
Name Verified on: 29-Sep-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 230 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Leg WorldEc)
  • Human food: pulse (locally cultivated in Morocco, but also see Ladizinsky & van Oss (1984), fide Curr Pl Sci Biotech 34:676. 1999)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Leg WorldEc)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of bitter-vetch (Vicia ervilia is mostly used for fodder, and all hybrids from crosses of wild and cultivated populations are fertile fide Bot J Linn Soc 89:97, 100. 1984)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of one-flower vetch (based on probable affinities to Vicia articulata fide Pl Genet Res Char Ut doi:10.1017/S1479262115000623 pages 6, 7. 2015)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Enneking 27. 1995)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan, - Krasnodar
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Allkin, R. et al. 1986. Names and synonyms of species and subspecies in the Vicieae: issue 3 (Vicieae DP) 7:53.
  • Berger, J. D. et al. 2003. Agricultural potential of Mediterranean grain and forage legumes: 2) Anti-nutritional factor concentrations in the genus Vicia Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 50:201-212.
  • Bryant, J. A. & S. G. Hughes 2011. Chapter 14. Vicia (Wild Crop Rel Leg Cr) 273-289.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Enneking, D. 1995. The toxicity of Vicia species and their utilization as grain legumes 27.
  • Enneking, D. 2011. The nutritive value of grasspea (Lathyrus sativus) and allied species, their toxicity to animals and the role of malnutrition in neurolathyrism Food Chem. Toxicol. 49:694-709.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Francis, C. M. et al. 1999. When and where will vetches have an impact as grain legumes? Curr. Pl. Sci. Biotech. Agric. 34:671-683.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hermann, F. J. 1960. Vetches of the United States - native, naturalized and cultivated U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 168:9.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Ladizinsky, G. & H. van Oss 1984. Genetic relationships between wild and cultivated Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 89:97-100.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Raveendar, S. et al. 2015. Comparative efficacy of four candidate DNA barcode regions for identification of Vicia species Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 1-10.
  • Raynaud, C. 1976. Monographie et iconographie du genre Vicia L. au Maroc Bull. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V. 1:170.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Schaefer, H. et al. 2012. Systematics, biogeography, and character evolution of the legume tribe Fabeae with special focus on the middle-Atlantic island lineages B. M. C. Evol. Biol. 12:250.
  • Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. 1984-1986 (L Spain)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image