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Taxon: Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Andrews

Genus: Nymphaea
Subgenus: Lotos
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Nomen number: 415655
Place of publication: Bot. Repos. 8: t. 503. 1808 (R. H. Salisbury, Parad. lond. 1(1): sub t. 14. 1805, pro syn.)
Link to protologue:
  • • an uncertain taxon; different ploidy levels are known, and while some populations are reportedly sterile, others are reported as fertile, suggesting further study is needed
  • • authorship of names in this work follows Shenzhen ICN Art. 46.8; there is no internal evidence in the work for any author other than Andrews (fide K. Gandhi, pers. comm. on 7 Aug 2006)
Name Verified on: 16-Feb-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Distributional Range:


    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh]


    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba


    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Other (exact native range in Asia obscure)


  1. Conard, H. S. 1905. The waterlilies: a monograph of the genus Nymphaea. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 4:199.
  2. Dkhar, J. 2011. Analysis of genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship in the genus Nymphaea using DNA profiling. Unpublished dissertation (North-Eastern Hill University) 27.
  3. Gupta, P. P. 1980. Cytogenetics of aquatic ornamentals VI. Evolutionary trends and relationships in the genus Nymphaea. Cytologia 45:307-314. Note: lists two cytotypes, one highly fertile and another nearly sterile
  4. Hajra, P. K. et al., eds. 1996-. Materials for the flora of Arunachal Pradesh.
  5. Hô, P.-H. 1999. Cây co Viêt Nam, ed. 2.
  6. Hossain, A. B. M. E. et al. 2001. Taxonomy of the genus Nymphaea (Tourn.) L. (Nymphaeaceae) from Bangladesh in view of anatomical studies. Bangladesh J. Bot. 30:9-16.
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Jardín Botánico Nacional. 1998-. Flora de la República de Cuba
  9. Khan, M. S., ed. 1972-. Flora of Bangladesh. Note: lists as Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Salisb.; = N. nouchali Burm. f.
  10. Khanna, K. K. et al. 1999. Dicotyledonous plants of Uttar Pradesh: a checklist.
  11. La-ongsri, W. et al. 2009. A synopsis of Thai Nymphaeaceae. Nordic J. Bot. 27:109-111.
  12. Mitra, R. L. & K. Subramanyam. 1982. Is Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Andrews an apomict?. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 24:83-86. Note: propagates only vegetatively, and never sets fruit in nature
  13. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: lists as Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Salisb.
  14. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  15. Pullaiah, T. et al. 1997-1998. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India).
  16. Raskoti, B. B. et al. 2011. A new record of Nymphaea (Nymphaeaceae) for Flora of Nepal. Bot. Orient. 8:105. Note: mentions
  17. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  18. Singh, N. P. et al., eds. 2001-2002. Flora of Maharashtra state.
  19. Singh, N. P. et al. 2001. Flora of Bihar: analysis.
  20. Venu, P. et al. 2003. On the identity of and sterility in Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Andrews (Nymphaeaceae). Rheedea 13:29-34.
  21. Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2). 1993-. Flora Madhya Pradesh.
  22. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Andrews :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=415655. Accessed 25 February 2020.