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Taxon: Vicia sativa L. subsp. nigra (L.) Ehrh.

 
Genus: Vicia
Subgenus: Vicia
Section: Vicia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Fabeae
Nomen number: 41566
Place of publication: Hannover. Mag. 18:229. 1780
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Jul-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 159 (128 active, 83 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • black-pod vetch  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • narrow-leaf vetch  (Source: Leg Tex) - English
  • narrow-leaved vetch    - English
  • vesce noire   - French (Canada)
  • schmalblättrige Wicke  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • averijilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • liten sommarvicker  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • stor sommarvicker  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • zhai ye ye wan dou  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • gorošek uzkolistnyj  (Source: F Armenia) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Environmental:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Vicia angustifolia) mammals (as Vicia angustifolia) mammals (as Vicia angustifolia)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar, Stavropol]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk, Tomsk] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.e.), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan (s.), Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia [Govi-Altay]
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Chuvashia, Karelia, Komi, Mari-El, Mordvinia, Tatarstan, Udmurtia, Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Bryansk, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kirov, Kostroma, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Moscow, Murmansk, Novgorod, Orel, Penza, Perm, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tula, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allkin, R. et al. 1986. Names and synonyms of species and subspecies in the Vicieae: issue 3. Vicieae Database Project 7:68.
  3. Berger, J. D. et al. 2003. Agricultural potential of Mediterranean grain and forage legumes: 1) Anti-nutritional factor concentrations in the genus Vicia. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 50:201-212. Note: it examined four accessions of this taxon, of all four anti-nutritional factors (glutamyl-beta-Cyano-alanine, phenols, tannins and proteinase inhbitors) only one (glutamyl-beta-Cyano-alanine) was higher than other subspecies
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 154.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Vicia+sativa+subsp.+nigra&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. Note: = Vicia angustifolia L.
  9. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  11. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  12. Raynaud, C. 1976. Monographie et iconographie du genre Vicia L. au Maroc. Bull. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V. 1:153.
  13. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  14. Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. Note: = Vicia sativa var. angustifolia L.
  15. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: = Vicia sativa var. angustifolia L.
  16. Turner, B. L. 1959. The legumes of Texas.
  17. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa. Note: = Vicia sativa var. angustifolia L.
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  19. van de Wouw, M. et al. 2001. Molecular taxonomy of Vicia ser. Vicia based on amplified fragment length polymorphisms. Pl. Syst. Evol. 229:91-105.
  20. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Vicia sativa L. subsp. nigra (L.) Ehrh. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41566. Accessed 20 September 2019.