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Taxon: Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.

 
Genus: Vicia
Subgenus: Vicilla
Section: Ervum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Fabeae
Nomen number: 41583
Place of publication: Spic. fl. lips. 26. 1771
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 05-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 28 (19 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • four-seed vetch  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • lentil tare  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • slender vetch  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • smooth tare  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • smooth vetch   - English
  • sparrow vetch  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • kasuma-gusa  (Source: F Okin) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • sparvvicker  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • gorošek četyrechsemjannyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Israel (rare), Jordan, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar, Stavropol]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Khakassia, Tuva, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Sverdlovsk, Tomsk, Tyumen]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.w.), Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Bashkortostan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Chuvashia, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kirov, Kostroma, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Mari-El, Mordvinia, Moscow, Novgorod, Orel, Orenburg, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tatarstan, Tula, Udmurtia, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Malta, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Allkin, R. et al. 1986. Names and synonyms of species and subspecies in the Vicieae: issue 3. Vicieae Database Project 7:71.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Enneking, D. 1995. The toxicity of Vicia species and their utilization as grain legumes. 4.
  8. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Hermann, F. J. 1960. Vetches of the United States - native, naturalized and cultivated. U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 168:41.
  12. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  13. Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963-. Plantae asiae centralis.
  14. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  15. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  19. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  20. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  23. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  24. Raveendar, S. et al. 2015. Comparative efficacy of four candidate DNA barcode regions for identification of Vicia species. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 1-10. DOI: 10.1017/S1479262115000623
  25. Raynaud, C. 1976. Monographie et iconographie du genre Vicia L. au Maroc. Bull. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V. 1:169.
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  27. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  28. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  29. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  30. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  33. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia
  34. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  35. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  36. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41583. Accessed 15 July 2019.