Taxon: Viscum album L.

 
Genus: Viscum
Family: Viscaceae
Nomen number: 41807
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1023. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 13-Apr-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; F ChinaEng)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (kissing may occur under this plant around the December holidays fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Weed: parasite (of stone fruits fide Diseas Comp. 1995)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (of stone fruits fide Diseas Comp. 1995)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • CHINA: China [Xizang (s.), Yunnan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Vietnam

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource). (F CalifJep ed2)
  3. CalFlora Database Project CalFlora: a botanical resource for California on the internet (on-line resource). (CalFlora)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  12. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  13. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  14. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  15. Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 900.
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  17. Ogawa, J. M. et al., eds. 1995. Compendium of stone fruit diseases (Diseas Comp) 47.
  18. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  19. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  20. Polhill, R. & D. Wiens Mistletoes of Africa. (Mistletoe Afr) 285.
  21. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  22. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Viscum album L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41807. Accessed 25 April 2018.