Taxon: Viscum album L.

 
Genus: Viscum
Family: Viscaceae
Nomen number: 41807
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1023. 1753
Name Verified on: 13-Apr-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; F ChinaEng)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (kissing may occur under this plant around the December holidays fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Weed: parasite (of stone fruits fide Diseas Comp. 1995)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (of stone fruits fide Diseas Comp. 1995)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Xizang, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Shikoku; Korea
    • Western Asia: Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Vietnam
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource). (F CalifJep ed2)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • CalFlora Database Project CalFlora: a botanical resource for California on the internet (on-line resource). (CalFlora)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 900.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Ogawa, J. M. et al., eds. 1995. Compendium of stone fruit diseases (Diseas Comp) 47.
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Polhill, R. & D. Wiens Mistletoes of Africa. 1998 (Mistletoe Afr) 285.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Viscum album L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image