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Taxon: Vitis labrusca L.

Genus: Vitis
Subgenus: Vitis
Family: Vitaceae
Subfamily: Vitoideae
Nomen number: 41879
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:202. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 19-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 88 (66 active, 60 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • Concord grape  (Source: F Ohio) - English
  • fox grape  (Source: F Canada) - English
  • skunk grape  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • fox grape  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • vigne cotonneuse  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • vigne isabelle  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • vigne lambruche  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Fuchsrebe  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Isabellarebe  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • isabela  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • labrusca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • parra brava  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • parrón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • vid silvestre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • labruskavin  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit; vegetable; vegetable

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan (s.), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Missouri (s.e.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (n.), Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia (n.), Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi (n.), North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]

    Cultivated (also cult.)


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Alleweldt, G. & J. V. Possingham. 1988. Progress in grapevine breeding. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:669-673.
  3. Aradhya, M. et al. 2008. Genetic structure, differentiation, and phylogeny of the genus Vitis: implications for genetic conservation. Acta Hort. 799:43-49.
  4. Biasoto, A. C. T. et al. 2010. Flavour characterization of red wines by descriptive analysis and ESI mass spectometry. Food Qual. Prefer. 21:755-762. Note: tested Brazilian red wines made of Vitis labrusca and its hybrids
  5. Britton, N. L. & A. Brown. 1952. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions, ed. 3.
  6. Cadle-Davidson, M. & C. L. Owens. 2008. Genomic amplification of the Gret1 retroelement in white-fruited accessions of wild Vitis and interspecific hybrids. Theor. Appl. Genet. 116:1079-1094. Note: this study worked on the retroelement associated to "the mutation causing nearly all white-fruited Vitis vinifera"
  7. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:205.
  8. Comeaux, B. L. et al. 1987. Taxonomic studies of the native grapes of North Carolina. Castanea 52:208.
  9. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 171.
  10. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Vitis+labrusca&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1979-1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol.
  13. Goto-Yamamoto, N. et al. 1998. RFLP and RAPD analysis of wild and cultivated grapes (Vitis spp.). J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 67:483-490.
  14. Goto-Yamamoto, N. 2000. Phenetic clustering of grapes (Vitis spp.) by AFLP analysis. Breed. Sci. 50:53-57. Note: used two cultivars of Vitis labrusca that resolved sister to V. vinifera
  15. Gu, S. 2003. Effect of rootstocks on grapevines. Rootstock review 1-19. Note: it commented on grapevine cultivars 'Concord' and 'Catawba' of Vitis riparia tolerant to acid soils
  16. Halbrooks, M. C. & J. A. Mortensen. 1989. Origin and significance of Florida hybrid bunch grapes and rootstocks. HortScience 24:546-550. Note: mentions
  17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  18. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: introduced
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  22. Moore, M. O. 1991. Classification and systematics of eastern North American Vitis L. (Vitaceae) north of Mexico. Sida 14:356.
  23. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  24. Owens, C. L. 2008. Chapter 7. Grapes. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 197-233.
  25. Patel, G. I. & H. P. Olmo. 1955. Cytogenetics of Vitis: I. The hybrid of V. vinifera × V. rotundifolia. Amer. J. Bot. 42:141-159.
  26. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  27. Pollefeys, P. & J. Bousquet. 2003. Molecular genetic diversity of the French-American grapevine hybrids cultivated in North America. Genome 46:1037-1048.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  30. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  33. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  34. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. Note: introduced
  35. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. Note: mentions
  36. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  37. Tröndle, D. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Vitis (Vitaceae) based on plastid markers. Amer. J. Bot. 97:1168-1178.
  38. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  39. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Vitaceae&GenusID=Vitis&SpeciesID=labrusca target='_blank'

Check other web resources for Vitis labrusca L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41879. Accessed 14 August 2020.