Taxon: Xanthium spinosum L.

 
Genus: Xanthium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 42071
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:987. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 25-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.; Pammel; Everist; Noxweed Aust)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Interm Fl; Noxweed Aust; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Altay, Tyumen (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Beijing, Henan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Honshu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • Mexico


    Other (exact native range in Americas obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. (Everist)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh Flora of Victoria. (F Victoria)
  12. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  16. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  17. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  18. Henderson, M. et al. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413. 1987 (Weeds SAfr)
  19. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  20. Huang, Q. Q. et al. 2009. Identifying the most noxious invasive plants in China: role of geographical origin, life form and means of introduction Biodivers. & Conservation 18:305-316.
  21. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  22. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  23. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  24. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  25. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  26. Jørgensen, P. M., ed. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia (Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia) (on-line resource). (L Bolivia Online)
  27. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  28. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  29. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  30. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  31. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  32. Löve, D. & P. Dansereau 1959. Biosystematic studies on Xanthium: taxonomic appraisal and ecological status Canad. J. Bot. 37:204.
  33. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  34. Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. (Pammel)
  35. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  36. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  37. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  38. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  39. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  40. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  41. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  42. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  43. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  44. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Xanthium spinosum L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=42071. Accessed 26 April 2018.