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Taxon: Xanthium strumarium L.

 
Genus: Xanthium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 42072
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:987. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: [treated here in the broad sense]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 25-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Healing Pl India, as Xanthium indicum)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust, as X. orientale; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hebei, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Jilin, Guangdong, Guizhou, Liaoning, Shanxi, Shandong, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Qinghai, Yunnan, Nei Monggol, Guangxi, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Xizang, Hainan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine (s.), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: U.S. Outlying Islands, [Midway Islands] United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, [Antigua] Bahamas, Cuba, Dominica, Hispaniola, Martinique, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, [Nevis] Virgin Islands (British), [Tortola] Virgin Islands (U.S.)


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

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Check other web resources for Xanthium strumarium L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruit inner wall: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=42072. Accessed 15 November 2018.