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Taxon: Artemisia annua L.

 
Genus: Artemisia
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Subtribe: Artemisiinae
Nomen number: 4275
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:847. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 19-Jun-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Jun-2008
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines: source of artemisinin; source of artemisinin; source of artemisinin (Chinese drug "qinghao"); source of artemisinin; source of artemisinin

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey (n.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 2000. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition). (Wealth India RM ed2) suppl. 1:91-92.
  5. Desmarchelier, C. 2010. Neotropics and natural ingredients for pharmaceuticals: why isn't South American biodiversity on the crest of the wave? Phytotherapy Res. 24:791-799.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  13. Hu, S.-Y. Compositae of China. (Comp China)
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  17. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  18. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 2.
  19. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. Ling, Y.-R. 1995. Survey of Artemisia and Seriphidium (Asteraceae-Anthemideae) in the Himalayan Mountains and the South Asian subcontinent Compositae Newslett. 26:52.
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  24. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):146.
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  29. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Artemisia annua L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Artemisia annua cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4275. Accessed 15 November 2018.