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Taxon: Manihot esculenta Crantz subsp. flabellifolia (Pohl) Cif.

Genus: Manihot
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Manihoteae
Nomen number: 431674
Place of publication: Arch. Bot. (Forlè) 18:30. 1942
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 05-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela [Bolivar, Amazonas]
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Acre, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Pará, Amapá, Rondônia, Tocantins]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, [La Paz] Peru [San Martín]


  1. Allem, A. C. et al. 2001. The primary gene pool of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz subspecies esculenta, Euphorbiaceae). Euphytica 120:127-132. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  2. Allem, A. C. 1994. The origin of Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 41:133-150.
  3. Duputié, A. et al. 2011. Evolutionary biogeography of Manihot (Euphorbiaceae), a rapidly radiating Neotropical genus restricted to dry environments. J. Biogeogr. 38:1033-1043.
  4. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). Note: = Manihot esculenta
  5. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  6. Léotard, G. et al. 2009. Phylogeography and the origin of cassava: New insights from the northern rim of the Amazonian basin. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 53:329-334.
  7. Olsen, K. M. & B. A. Schaal. 1999. Evidence on the origin of cassava: Phylogeography of Manihot esculenta. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96:5586-5591.
  8. Olsen, K. M. & B. A. Schaal. 2001. Microsatellite variation in cassava (Manihot esculenta, Euphorbiaceae) and its wild relatives: further evidence for a southern Amazonian origin of domestication. Amer. J. Bot. 88:131-142.
  9. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  10. Roa, A. C. et al. 1997. AFLP analysis of relationships among cassava and other Manihot species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 95:741-750. Note: this study tested the affinities of cassava (Manihot esculenta) with wild species previously proposed as closely related or co-specific; it found genetic differentiation for subspecies flabellifolia and peruviana supporting their role as ancestors of the crop; however, morphological characters (pubescens and swollen nodes) did not have significant differences to support its use as taxonomic characters
  11. Vieira, L. de J. et al. 2013. Development of interspecific hybrids of cassava and paternity analysis with molecular markers. J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge) 151:849-861.

Check other web resources for Manihot esculenta Crantz subsp. flabellifolia (Pohl) Cif. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=431674. Accessed 22 February 2020.