Genus: Manihot Mill.

Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Manihoteae
Genus number: 7234
Last updated: 21-Jun-2013
Accession Count: 330 (21 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System
Comments: all accepted species are in GRIN

List of Species Records in GRIN


  1. Cervantes-Alcayde, M.-A. et al. 2015. Apparent similarity, underlying homoplasy: Morphology and molecular phylogeny of the North American clade of Manihot. Amer. J. Bot. 104:520-532. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1500063 Note: this study found evidence for all "North American species form a clade"; it supported that "North American and Mesoamerican species are distantly related", and that these species were not involved in the domestication of cassava
  2. Duputié, A. et al. 2011. Evolutionary biogeography of Manihot (Euphorbiaceae), a rapidly radiating Neotropical genus restricted to dry environments. J. Biogeogr. 38:1033-1043. Note: this study found evidence for a Mesoamerican origin of the genus and radiation to South America, presently all species analyzed showed "clustering according to geography and ecology"
  3. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae

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Synonyms (=), probable synonyms (=~), and possible synonyms (~):


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Check Index Nominum Genericorum for Manihot
Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 23 February 2020.