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Taxon: Centaurea benedicta (L.) L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 455331
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:1296. 1763
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (3 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • blessed thistle  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • chardon bénit  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Benediktenkraut  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Bitterdistel  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cardo-bento  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cardo-santo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • kardbenedikt  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • cang ye hua  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • benedikt aptečnyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • knikus blagoslovennyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: lipids (as Cnicus benedictus)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (as Cnicus benedictus)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia), Macedonia, Serbia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part (s.)]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland (s.e.), Victoria]

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, New Jersey, New York]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Chimborazo]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  3. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  4. Garcia-Jacas, N. et al. 2000. The natural delimitation of Centaurea (Asteraceae: Cardueae): ITS sequence analysis of the Centaurea jacea group. Pl. Syst. Evol. 223:190, 192.
  5. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  6. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  7. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  8. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: = Cnicus benedictus
  9. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Centaurea benedicta (L.) L. :

  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=455331. Accessed 22 November 2019.