Taxon: Centaurea benedicta (L.) L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 455331
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:1296. 1763
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • blessed thistle  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • chardon bénit  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Benediktenkraut  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Bitterdistel  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cardo-bento  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cardo-santo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • kardbenedikt  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • cang ye hua  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • benedikt aptečnyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • knikus blagoslovennyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: lipids (fide Pl Book, as Cnicus benedictus)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn, as Cnicus benedictus; CRC MedHerbs ed2, as Cnicus benedictus; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Cnicus benedictus)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide F CalifJep, as Cnicus benedictus)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • China: China - Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Morocco
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - Victoria
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - New Jersey, - New York
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, - Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Utah
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Chimborazo

  • Adventive:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Garcia-Jacas, N. et al. 2000. The natural delimitation of Centaurea (Asteraceae: Cardueae): ITS sequence analysis of the Centaurea jacea group Pl. Syst. Evol. 223: 190, 192.
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

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