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Taxon: Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Morrone

 
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Cenchrinae
Nomen number: 464278
Place of publication: Ann. Bot. (Oxford) ser. 2, 106:129. 2010
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 17-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Feb-2016
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 111 (47 active, 46 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia (s.)
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa


    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (e.), Queensland (e.), Western Australia (s.w.), Northern Territory (n.)]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas (s.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Nuevo Leon]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue, Wallis and Futuna Islands

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Grenada, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Chemisquy, M. A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus and Odontelytrum (Poaceae): a combined nuclear, plastid and morphological analysis, and nomenclatural combinations in Cenchrus Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:107-130.
  2. Devos, K. M. et al. 2009. Chapter 8. Pearl Millet (Genome Map Mol Breed) 1:303-323.
  3. Lowe, A. J. et al. 2003. Characterisation of germplasm accessions of Napier grass (pennisetum purpureum and P. purpureum × P. glaucum Hybrids) and comparison with farm clones using RAPD Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 50:121-132.
  4. Veldkamp, J. F. 2014. A revision of Cenchrus incl. Pennisetum (Gramineae) in Malesia with some general nomenclatural notes (Blumea) 59:59-75.
  5. Verloove, F. 2012. New combinations in Cenchrus (Paniceae, Poaceae) in Europe and the Mediterranean area (Willdenowia) 42:77-78.

Check other web resources for Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Morrone :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=464278. Accessed 16 November 2018.