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Taxon: Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt.

 
Genus: Atriplex
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Chenopodieae
Nomen number: 6000
Place of publication: Gen. N. Amer. pl. 1:197. 1818
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Apr-2012
Species priority site is: National Arid Land Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PARL)
Accessions: 121 (115 active, 39 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • four-wing saltbush  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • shadscale  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • cenizo  (Source: Hortus 3) - Spanish
  • chamere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • chamizo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • chamiso  (Source: Hortus 3) - unknown
  • chamiza  (Source: Hortus 3) - unknown

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (for livestock and big-game browse fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for rangeland restoration fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.)]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas (w.), Nebraska (w.), North Dakota (w.), Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/atca2.htm), South Dakota]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • Mexico (n.)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt


References:

  1. Bassett, I. J. et al. 1983. The genus Atriplex in Canada Monogr. Res. Branch Canada Dept. Agric. 31:60-64.
  2. Beatley, J. C. Vascular plants of the Nevada test site and central-southern Nevada. 1976 (F NevTestS)
  3. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  4. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  5. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  7. Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. (F Colo)
  8. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  9. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  10. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. (F Ariz)
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  13. McNeill, J. et al. 1983. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Atriplex L. (Chenopodiaceae) (Taxon) 32:553-554.
  14. Munz, P. A. A flora of southern California. (F SCalif)
  15. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  17. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  18. Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. (TreesS Mex)
  19. Stutz, H. C. 1975. The holotype of Atriplex canescens is not A. canescens; or is it? Proc. Utah Acad. Sci. 52:65.
  20. Welsh, S. L. & C. Crompton 1995. Names and types in perennial Atriplex Linnaeus (Chenopodiaceae) in North America selectively exclusive of Mexico Great Basin Naturalist 55:324.
  21. Welsh, S. L. & G. Moore Utah Plants. 1973 (Utah Pl)
  22. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. (F Utah)

Check other web resources for Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=6000. Accessed 16 November 2018.