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Taxon: Avena sterilis L.

 
Genus: Avena
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Aveninae
Nomen number: 6148
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:118. 1762
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 29-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10340 (7819 active, 7700 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • animated oat  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • sterile oat  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • wild oat  (Source: USDA/APHIS) - English
  • wild red oat  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • winter wild oat  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • avoine animée  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • avoine stérile  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Winterhafer  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • aveão  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • avena caballuna  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • avena estéril  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • avena loca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • storhavre  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • oves besplodny  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • oves sredizemnomorskij  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as fodder (as progenitor of fodder cultivars)
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Lithuania, Russian Federation, [Volgograd] Ukraine, [Krym] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Avena_sterilis_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Baum, B. R. 1977. Oats: wild and cultivated. A monograph of the genus Avena (Poaceae) 334.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Drossou, A. et al. 2004. Genome and species relationships in genus Avena based on RAPD and AFLP molecular markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:48-54.
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Avena+sterilis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Forsberg, R. A. & D. L. Reeves. 1992. Chapter 20. Breeding oat cultivars for improved grain quality. Agronomy 33:751-775.
  10. Gnanesh, B. N. et al. 2014. Chapter 3. Oat. Alien gene transfer in crop plants, volume 2. Achievements and impacts Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, New York, NY. 51-73. Note: comments that most Pc genes derived from Avena sativa have not been successful for resistance to strains of Puccinia coronata, with some genes only regionally successful in North America
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  12. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  13. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  14. Ladizinsky, G. 2012. Chapter 1. Oat morphology and taxonomy. Studies in oat evolution; a man's life with Avena. SpringerBriefs in Agriculture 7. Note: mentions interfertility among Avena sativa, A. sterilis, and A. fatua
  15. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  16. Leggett, J. M. 1992. Classification and speciation in Avena. In H. G. Marshall & M. E. Sorrells, eds., Oat science and technology. Agronomy 33:47.
  17. Loskutov, I. G. & H. W. Rines. 2011. Chapter 3. Avena. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, cereals 109-183.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  20. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  21. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource).
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  24. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  25. Romero Zarco, C. 1994. Las avenas del grupo “sterilis” en la Península Ibérica y regiones adyacentes del SW de Europa y NW de Africa. Lagascalia 17:277-309.
  26. Romero Zarco, C. 1996. Sinopsis del género Avena L. (Poaceae, Aveneae) en España peninsular y Baleares. Lagascalia 18:181-182.
  27. Sánchez-Martín, J. et al. 2012. Identification and characterization of sources of resistance in Avena sativa, A. byzantina and A. strigosa germplasm against a pathotype of Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae with virulence against the Pc94 resistance gene. Pl. Pathol. 61:315-322.
  28. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  29. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:174-175.
  30. Takeda, K. & K. J. Frey. 1976. Contributions of vegetative growth rate and harvest index to grain yield of progenies from Avena sativa × A. sterilis crosses. Crop Sci. (Madison) 16:817-821.
  31. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  32. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  34. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  35. Vázquez, F. M. et al. 1995. Tipificación de los táxones Linneanos del género Stipa (Gramineae) que viven en la Península Ibérica (Typification of the Linnaean taxa of Stipa (Gramineae) occurring in the Iberian Peninsula). Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 52:185.
  36. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  37. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Avena sterilis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=6148. Accessed 19 August 2019.