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Taxon: Amaranthus cruentus L.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 70070
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1269. 1759
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/587188
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 04-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 425 (363 active, 350 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Sida 19:947. 2001; Food Feed Crops US)
  • Environmental:
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (cult. worldwide)

    Naturalized (natzd. worldwide)

    Other (probable origin Central America)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  3. Costea, M. et al. 2001. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). Sida 19:945-949.
  4. Costea, M. et al. 2006. Delimitation of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus caudatus L. using micromorphology and AFLP analysis: an application in germplasm identification. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:1625-1633.
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Amaranthus+cruentus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Greizerstein, E. J. & L. Poggio. 1994. Karyological studies in grain amaranths. Cytologia 59:25-30.
  9. Greozerstein, E. J. & L. Poggio. 1995. Meiotic studies of spontaneous hybrids of Amaranthus: genome analysis. Pl. Breed. (New York) 114:448-450.
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  13. Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. 1986. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4.
  14. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  18. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  21. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  22. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  23. Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54:122-126.
  24. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa. Note: = Amaranthus hybridus subsp. cruentus (L.) Thell.
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  26. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  27. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  29. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Amaranthus cruentus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=70070. Accessed 19 July 2019.