Taxon: Consolida regalis Gray

Genus: Consolida
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
Tribe: Delphinieae
Nomen number: 70198
Place of publication: Nat. arr. Brit. pl. 2:711. 1822 ("1821")
Link to protologue:
Comment: according to J. L. Reveal (pers. comm. via e-mail on 1 May 2010) publication of this book took place on 10 Jan 1822, not 1 Nov 1821 as indicated in TL-2
Name Verified on: 10-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-May-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • field larkspur  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • forking larkspur  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • rocket larkspur  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Ackerrittersporn  (Source: Zander ed14) - German
  • riddarsporre  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • konsolida polevaâ  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian
  • živokost' polevaâ  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3; Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2, as Delphinium consolida)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Hess, H. E. et al. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2. (F Switz)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. (F Baltic)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Munz, P. A. 1967. A synopsis of the Asian species of Consolida (Ranunculaceae) J. Arnold Arbor. 48:178.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)


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